In response to inquiries from pipeline operators regarding the long-term performance of composite materials, manufacturers have performed additional tests to evaluate the performance of their composite repair systems. Insights were gained through these additional tests that demonstrated the long-term worthiness of the composite system. Of particular importance were two types of tests. The first involved the application of strain gages between layers of the composite repair system that was used to reinforce a corroded pipe test sample. As the sample was pressurized the strain gages permitted a comparison between the measured values and design stresses per the ASME PCC-2 design code. The second series of tests involved pressure cycling a 75% corroded sample to failure. In addition to the inter-layer strain measurements, the pressure cycling provides an important insight regarding the long-term performance of the composite repair.
This paper addresses how the ASME PCC-2 Code, along with additional well-designed tests, can be used to design a composite repair system to ensure that it adequately reinforces a given defect. As composite materials are being used to repair pipeline anomalies beyond the corrosion-only defects, it is essential that pipeline operators utilize a systematic approach for ensuring the long-term performance of composite repair systems.
Alexander, C., and Souza, J., “Advanced Insights on Composite Repairs,” Proceedings of IPC2012 9th International Pipeline Conference September 24 – 28, 2012, Calgary, Alberta, Canada.