Corrosive environments are particularly detrimental to metals in tension. In some situations, heat-treating reduces the impact of residual stress, but these procedures often are neither practical nor specified.
We can measure residual or ambient stress using strain gages with the Blind Hole Drilling Method (ASTM E-837). This technique measures deformation as a small hole is drilled into the surface. As the new hole expands or contracts in response to the local stresses, the surface complies with the deformation. Principal stress is calculated from the measurements of a three-element strain gage oriented radially around the hole. The tiny-drilled hole is typically within the corrosion allowance and can be easily removed by blend grinding.
Residual Stress Process
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